Secondary school prizes

Winners

2016

2016

Berta Mateos Vivar of Instituto Castelló d'Empúries for “More than human? The ethical debate around neuro-improvement.”

Berta Mateos Vivar
This study seeks to address the potential social, ethical and political implications of using neuro-improvement technologies. Specifically, what arguments would justify the restriction, regulation or prohibition of the freedom of the individual in choosing to enhance his or capacities?
 
Many of the techniques of neuro-improvement or the enhancement of cognitive capacities are already freely available on the open market. This raises an urgent need for social debate to address the questions surrounding the use of such techniques, their potential, but also the risks associated with them, and the need for them to be regulated, as they could threaten such fundamental social values as autonomy, personal merit, responsibility, freedom, justice and equality.

Elena Cortina Sugrañes of Escuela Puigcerver for “Paul and ‘the Tree of Memories’. Bioethics and death”.

Elena Cortina Sugrañe

This study starts by considering the meaning of ethics and bioethics, and their application to medical care. It then goes on to analyze the concept of death, its causes and how children cope with it. Next, it discusses euthanasia, its application in different countries, and the role of living wills or advance directives documents (ADD). Finally, the study includes a practical section consisting of an activity on bioethics for secondary pupils and an activity for use in the discussing the topic of death with primary pupils.


Pere Valls Badia of Instituto Vilatzara for “Crawl & Roll.”

The author of this study has designed and constructed a device that functions as a swinging seat and as a "crawler" for children aged four with multiple disabilities. The device enables the children and their teachers to have fun and to take a break from conventional chairs, and it facilitates the basic activity of crawling, something that children with multiple functional disabilities are often unable to do. The study also considers what multiple disability is, its causes and the health problems associated with it, the educational needs of children with multiple disability and, finally, the design and construction of the "Crawl & Roll" device.


2015

2015

Marta Galisteo Garrido of Institut Llavaneres for the project: "Eugenèsia Actual ¿Cal intervenir per millorar la genètica humana?" (premis batx)

Marta Galisteo

In her analysis of eugenics, the author seeks to understand and evaluate, from a bioethical perspective, the opportunities currently provided by this practice, how it should best be applied, and how to assess the risk of discrimination. Methods used include a literature search to identify the historical background of eugenics, surveys to identify the opinions of civil society, and an interview with an expert in this area.


Mariona Asensio Pedrol and Júlia Marquès Espuga of Instituto Joaquima Pla i Farreras for the project: "La intersexualitat, el trencament d’un esquema binari" (premis batx)

Mariona Asensio Pedrol and Júlia Marquès Espuga

This essay analyzes the situation of people who cannot be clearly assigned to either gender (male or female). The authors seek to define the concept of intersexuality, to analyze the resources that bioethics offers for tackling the dilemmas that arise in these situations, and to identify the perspectives of the various professionals involved (pediatricians, gynecologists, anthropologists, experts in bioethics, etc.).  


Mireia Jaimot Pallejà of Escuela Arabell for the project: “Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells: business or science” (premis batx)

Mireia Jaimot Pallejà

This essay argues that the use of stem cells from umbilical cord blood is a business that is based on weighing the potential medical benefits for patients against the economic benefits for the company. The author interviewed all the Catalan hospitals with neonatal units, enabling them to analyze the differences between public and private institutions. The essay also provides a historical, scientific, legal and ethical perspective on the issue, enabling readers to form their own opinion in this regard.  


2014

2014

Beatriz de Peray, of Escola Pia Balmes, for the project "Les implicacions ètiques en el diagnòstic genètic preimplantacional".

Beatriz de Peray

This project analyzes the Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis from different perspectives, by offering ethical, legislative and technical (the procedure and the techniques used) viewpoints. The author has used a wide range of methods such as interviews, public surveys and various other documental sources, among others.


Noemí Aranda of Baix Penedès Institute for the project Un giro de 180

"A 180 degree turn" is written in the first person and relates the story of the author who has lived through the experience of cancer, more specifically Hodgkin's lymphoma, and the feelings that arise when suffering from this disease. The project is the story of survival, of learning not to give up and to keep on fighting.


Eloi Güell, of Castelló d'Empúries Institute for the project "El futur de la naturalesa humana".

"The future of the human nature" focuses on eugenics, or on the "improvement" of the human species.  This topic is progressively gathering importance, due to the progress made in science and technology and due to the serious moral dilemmas that are beginning to arise as a consequence.


2013

2013

Yousra El Kasmi, of Thos i Codina Institute in Mataró, for the project The controversy surrounding the refusal of blood transfusions

The project defines the ethical framework or guidelines used by doctors (or by officials or judges, who have to intervene as third parties when medical opinion or the criteria of the healthcare Ethical Committee is insufficient), in cases that involve blood transfusions.


Ojanta Mahmud Jorda of Marius Torres Institute in Lleida for the project Ethics applied to palliative care and the treatment of terminally ill patients

This study is an example of the convergence of science and philosophy through the analysis of how ethics apply in palliative care and in the treatment of the terminally ill. The project also aims to provide evidence that the essence of medicine, and in general any activity, has to be based on ethics and on responsibility.


Gemma Cardona i Mercè Gil, of Les Marines Institute in Castelldefels, for the project Bioethics: Euthanasia

This project focuses on the subject of euthanasia, which is currently an important matter of debate in many countries and which has concerned individuals involved in health related professions for many centuries.  This study addresses the subject from three perspectives in relation to different disciplines: philosophy, medicine (or more generally, science) and from a legal standpoint.


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