45. CRISPR… ¿debemos poner límites a la edición genética? (CRISPR: Should there be limits on genome editing?)



New genome editing techniques such as CRISPR/Cas9 open up a whole range of possibilities for human health. They can be used to correct genetic defects to cure disease, and also to modify individuals and entire plant or animal species. Who should be responsible for determining their use? Do we need to establish limits?

44. Crisis y salud mental en niños y jóvenes: ¿causa o consecuencia? (The crisis and mental health in children and young people: cause or effect?)

The Probitas Foundation and the Víctor Grífols i Lucas Foundation organized a workshop to analyze the impact of the crisis on the mental health of children and young people. The session also considered the need for close coordination between the health, social care and education systems to promote mental health among children and young people, and to detect risk situations at the earliest possible stage. This monograph includes the papers presented at the seminar.


43. ¿Debemos revisar el concepto de muerte? (Do we need to reconsider the concept of death?)


There are a number of controversial issues linked to the concept of death. This publication focuses on the ethical, medical, and legal questions linked to brain death and persistent vegetative states. It includes articles by James Bernat, Professor of Neurology and Medicine at the University of Dartmouth, and other experts from different professional spheres.

 Only available in Spanish.

42. Iatrogenia y medicina defensiva (Iatrogenesis and defensive medicine)

Iatrogenesis – the adverse effects caused by medical treatment – is often associated with professional errors or negligence. Paradoxically, one of the reasons for its increase is the rise of ‘defensive medicine', designed not to promote the well-being of patients but to protect medical professionals against possible claims. A number of professionals discuss this issue from a medical, legal and philosophical perspective.

41. Eutanasia y suicidio asistido (Euthanasia and assisted suicide)

Euthanasia and assisted suicide are issues that feature regularly in public debate, particularly when there is media coverage of a high profile case. The debate is generally characterized by conceptual confusion and a lack of rigour. This monograph intends to consider debate of the issues, encompassing a range of criteria and perspectives, and reflecting the diverse nature of our society. It includes international experience of countries such as Belgium, the Netherlands and Switzerland, and the views of institutions and professionals.

40. Ethical aspects of research with children

The Foundation organized a seminar with the Nuffield Council on Bioethics to present its report "Children and clinical research: ethical issues". The event brought together researchers from Spain and the United Kingdom, giving them an opportunity to compare their experiences with regard to the involvement of minors and their families in the research process. This monograph includes the papers presented at the seminar.

39. La incapacitación, reflexiones sobre la posición de Naciones Unidas (Disability: some reflections on the position of the United Nations)

On 13 December 2006, the General Assembly of the United Nations approved the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. This monograph brings together the views of stakeholders and people with disabilities with regard to the impact of the UN document, which represents a paradigm shift and requires changes to Spanish legislation in this area.  

38. Ética, salud y dispendio del conocimiento (Ethics, health and waste of knowledge)

Health research generates vast amounts of knowledge that, despite its usefulness, often is not transferred to society, clinical practice or health management. This failure to translate knowledge means that resources are wasted. In this publication, a number of experts consider the ethical aspects of this issue and the factors that affect knowledge transfer.  

37. Determinantes personales y colectivos de los problemas de salud (Individual and collective determinants of health problems)

Our health depends on our strength of will, our lifestyle, risks, decisions and behavior. But it also depends on our biology and on the environment in which we live. This monograph analyzes where responsibility for our health lies and how this affects health policy.  

36. Ética y altruismo (Ethics and altruism)

With the collaboration of Peter Singer

Giving a face to those in need, the fact of them being close to us, the feeling of justice in what we donate, having a variety of procedures and appropriate stimuli to donate...those are some of the reasons that boost altruism. This monograph invites us to question the rule of personal interest in order to promote a culture of donation.

35. Treinta años de técnicas de reproducción asistida (Thirty years of assisted reproductive technology)

1984 saw the first birth in Spain as a result of in vitro fertilization. Thirty years after this event, the Víctor Grífols i Lucas Foundation has published this monograph with the aim of providing an overview of the application of assisted reproduction techniques during the last three decades. 

34. Ética de la comunicación corporativa e institucional en el sector de la salud (Ethics of corporate and institutional communication in the health sector)

This publication addresses the ethical considerations of healthcare information transmitted by institutions and corporations in the healthcare sector through the traditional media and through online channels and social networks. Due to the complexity and intensity of everyday life, such considerations are often left in the background or directly forgotten. The report also encourages reflection as what should be the contribution of each of us, in the common goal to empower citizens and allow them to more knowledgeable on issues related to health and health care.

33. Alcance y límites de la solidaridad en tiempos de crisis (The scope and limits of solidarity in times of crisis)

This publication analyzes the difficulties in maintaining the value of solidarity in the current economic and financial crisis.  The document is an article by Thomas Pogge, professor of Philosophy and International Relations at the University of Yale, which reveals the levity with which the richest countries in the world justify abandoning charitable actions. The monograph also includes contributions from representatives of different associations in the third sector. 

32. Ethics and public health in times of crisis

The consequences of the economic crisis on health depend largely on the policies that are adopted, which should not only take into consideration the healthcare sector, but all sectors that condition and determine the health of people. This report analyzes the effects of the crisis on vulnerable individuals and on mental health and the roles that users and professionals must follow in order to use healthcare services properly.  

31. Transparencia en el sistema sanitario público (The health system and transparency)

The current economic crisis and its impact on the health system are giving rise to a program to reform the system's existing structure, organization and services. In this monograph, Joan Subirats, professor of Political Science at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, and Joan Turró, director of the Fundación Universitaria Balmes, consider the questions of transparency, evaluation and systems to prevent corruption. The monograph also includes contributions from a number of experts with suggestions for improving the transparency of health management.

Only available in Spanish.

30. The ethic of care

The driving force behind the ethic of care, Carol Gilligan, was guest speaker at the VI Josep Egozcue Conference. Gilligan vindicates a social transformation that starts by paying attention to the voices of women and ending the existing patriarchal structure. Her opinions are shared by several experts who contribute by exploring the concept of care and its importance in society.  

29. Case studies in ethics and public health

This book introduces three real ethical dilemmas that may face public health professionals in their daily practice: the management of pandemic influenza, conflicts of interest and functional foods. These three cases aim to provide new educational materials and to generate future reflections concerning public health. 

28. Ethics in health institutions: the logic of care and the logic of management

In hospitals and other healthcare institutions there are at least two different ways of thinking that must live side by side: the healthcare viewpoint and the management viewpoint.   The different viewpoints stem from values, principles and decision making criteria that do not always coincide.  However despite the dissonance, we can find many points in common.  This monograph considers the different viewpoints, the values and the roles of the different professionals in the healthcare sector. 

27. Ethics and public health

This report aims at encouraging more awareness of ethics within the public health sector.  It includes those aspects that are susceptible to ethical consideration and also elements for the development of a casuistry of application of bioethics to public health.  Proposals for designing an educational training program are also included. 

26. The three ages of medicine and the doctor-patient relationship

Mark Siegler, the guest speaker at the IV Josep Egozcue Conferences, dedicated this cycle of lectures to discussing the three ages of medicine and the doctor-patient relationship.  During the first lecture he focused on the transformation that the relationship with the patient has undergone throughout history.  During the second lecture he talked about the past and future contributions of clinical ethics.  He developed this term to refer to ethics applied in the practice of medicine.  Several other experts enriched the debate with their contributions to the discussion.